Your resource for news, research, opinion and comment in the world of Criminology and Criminal Justice, brought to you by the Criminology Library, Centre for Criminology & Sociolegal Studies, University of Toronto
Modern Policing in Ontario "Ontario
has officially passed the Safer Ontario Act, updating the Police
Services Act for the first time in 25 years. The Agenda speaks to Peter
Sloly, former Toronto Police
Service deputy chief, Ian Scott, former head of the Special
investigations Unit, and sociology professor Awkwasi Owusu-Bempah to
discuss modernized policing in the province and the role police should
have in Ontario."
When Mayhem Comes to Town "Following
Monday's deadly van attack in Toronto, Alek Minassian has been charged
with 10 counts of murder and 13 counts of attempted murder. The incident
has raised difficult
questions about ,toxic masculinity,, online communities that attract
disenfranchised people, and gaps in mental health support systems. The
Agenda welcomes sociologists Judith Taylor and Jooyoung Lee, and author
Jamil Jivani to discuss the rise of vehicular homicide, self-described
incels, and the search for answers when mayhem comes to town."
Busted by Big Data: Algorithms Could Make Cities Safer - But They Can't Protect Us From Policing's Worst Instincts "By combining huge tranches of data and highly sophisticated algorithms,
predictive policing appears to hold out the science-fiction promise that
technology could, one day, spit out 100 percent accurate prophecies
concerning the location of future crimes. The latest iteration of these
analytics can’t ID a killer-to-be, but it can offer insight into what
areas are potential sites for crime by drawing on information in
everything from historical records to live social-media posts.
The technology, however, has raised tough questions about whether
hidden biases in these systems will lead to even more over-policing of
racialized and lower-income communities. In such cases, the result can
turn into a feedback loop: the algorithms recommend a heightened police
presence in response to elevated arrest rates that can be attributed to a
heightened police prese…
A further half a million criminal records relating to convictions
more than 30 years ago when the person was a young adult aged 18 to 25
were disclosed in the period, according to data uncovered by the charity
Its report, A Life Sentence for Young People,
also reveals the findings of a survey of people with convictions and
cautions, which shows 86% of respondents had a problem with employment
later in life. About two-thirds also reported problems with stigma and
The Labor Force and Output Consequences of the Opioid Crisis
"This study examines the labor market and economic consequences of the
opioid crisis. While previous studies have estimated economic costs of
the opioid epidemic, none has taken into account the most significant
way opioid dependency is likely impacting the U.S. economy: its impact
on labor force participation. This study measures the direct cost on the
economy of opioids leading workers out of the labor force.
Specifically, it estimates the number of workers who are absent from the
labor force due to opioids, the loss of hours at work, and the
resulting decline in real output."
'The public sentiment against outsourcing has…offered prison labor
programs unique opportunities for expansion under the rubric of
providing a competitive alternative to low-cost foreign workers,' writes
Lan Cao, a professor of international economic law at the Dale E.
Fowler School of Law at Chapman University.
Cao argues that the increasing use of low-wage or free prison labor
by companies seeking to manufacture in the US also calls for a
re-examination of claims that such labor is rehabilitative for inmates
on the grounds that it provides 'moral, psychological, and economic
benefits to prisoners and communities.'
Instead, Cao maintains, the economics of prison labor programs, which
are strongly focused on productivity and cost r…