Friday, June 5, 2015

National Institute of Justice Research and Reports

Police Use of Force
"There is no single, universally agreed-upon definition of use of force. The International Association of Chiefs of Police has described use of force as the 'amount of effort required by police to compel compliance by an unwilling subject.'

A Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) analysis of national data on citizen complaints about use of force found that in large departments (those with 100 or more sworn officers), the complaint rate for police use of force was 6.6 complaints per 100 sworn officers. Of these complaints, 8 percent had sufficient evidence to take disciplinary action against the officer."

Diversion Program for those with Serious Mental Illnesses Rated "Promising"

Report: Protect, Heal, Thrive: Lessons Learned from the Defending Childhood Demonstration Program 
"In order to address the high prevalence of children's exposure to violence, eight sites around the country were selected by the Department of Justice for the Defending Childhood Demonstration Program.  This national initiative aims: 1) to prevent children's exposure to violence; 2) to mitigate the negative impact of such exposure when it does occur; and 3) to develop knowledge and spread awareness about children's exposure to violence, both within and beyond the chosen pilot sites."

Interventions Targeting Street-Connected Youths Receive Mixed Ratings

Effective - One Meta-Analysis Family Functioning - Family functioning
No Effects - One Meta-Analysis Drugs & Substance Abuse - Alcohol
No Effects - One Meta-Analysis Mental Health & Behavioral Health - Internalizing behavior
No Effects - One Meta-Analysis Crime & Delinquency - Multiple crime/offense types
No Effects - One Meta-Analysis Mental Health & Behavioral Health - Psychological functioning
  

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