Race and the Criminal Justice System: 2014 (U.K.)
"This publication compiles statistics from data sources across the
Criminal Justice System (CJS), to provide a combined perspective on the
typical experiences of different ethnic groups. No causative links can
be drawn from these summary statistics, and no controls have been
applied to account for differences in circumstances between groups (e.g.
average income or age); differences observed may indicate areas worth
further investigation, but should not be taken as evidence of bias or as
direct effects of ethnicity.
In general, Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) groups appear to
be over-represented at most stages throughout the CJS, compared to the
White ethnic group, though this is not universal and does not appear to
worsen as they progress through the system. Among BAME groups, Black and
Mixed individuals were often the most over-represented. Trends over
time for each ethnic group have tended to mirror overall trends, with
little change in relative positions between ethnic groups."